Project:
 ```1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 ``` ```; two powering predicates (define (ilog b n) (let loop1 ((lo 0) (b^lo 1) (hi 1) (b^hi b)) (if (< b^hi n) (loop1 hi b^hi (* hi 2) (* b^hi b^hi)) (let loop2 ((lo lo) (b^lo b^lo) (hi hi) (b^hi b^hi)) (if (<= (- hi lo) 1) (if (= b^hi n) hi lo) (let* ((mid (quotient (+ lo hi) 2)) (b^mid (* b^lo (expt b (- mid lo))))) (cond ((< n b^mid) (loop2 lo b^lo mid b^mid)) ((< b^mid n) (loop2 mid b^mid hi b^hi)) (else mid)))))))) (define (expm b e m) (define (m* x y) (modulo (* x y) m)) (cond ((zero? e) 1) ((even? e) (expm (m* b b) (/ e 2) m)) (else (m* b (expm (m* b b) (/ (- e 1) 2) m))))) (define (prime? n) (define (expm b e m) (define (m* x y) (modulo (* x y) m)) (cond ((zero? e) 1) ((even? e) (expm (m* b b) (/ e 2) m)) (else (m* b (expm (m* b b) (/ (- e 1) 2) m))))) (define (digits n . args) (let ((b (if (null? args) 10 (car args)))) (let loop ((n n) (d '())) (if (zero? n) d (loop (quotient n b) (cons (modulo n b) d)))))) (define (isqrt n) (let loop ((x n) (y (quotient (+ n 1) 2))) (if (<= 0 (- y x) 1) x (loop y (quotient (+ y (quotient n y)) 2))))) (define (square? n) (let ((n2 (isqrt n))) (= n (* n2 n2)))) (define (jacobi a n) (if (not (and (integer? a) (integer? n) (positive? n) (odd? n))) (error 'jacobi "modulus must be positive odd integer") (let jacobi ((a a) (n n)) (cond ((= a 0) 0) ((= a 1) 1) ((= a 2) (case (modulo n 8) ((1 7) 1) ((3 5) -1))) ((even? a) (* (jacobi 2 n) (jacobi (quotient a 2) n))) ((< n a) (jacobi (modulo a n) n)) ((and (= (modulo a 4) 3) (= (modulo n 4) 3)) (- (jacobi n a))) (else (jacobi n a)))))) (define legendre jacobi) (define (inverse x n) (let loop ((x (modulo x n)) (a 1)) (cond ((zero? x) (error 'inverse "division by zero")) ((= x 1) a) (else (let ((q (- (quotient n x)))) (loop (+ n (* q x)) (modulo (* q a) n))))))) (define (miller? n a) (let loop ((r 0) (s (- n 1))) (if (even? s) (loop (+ r 1) (/ s 2)) (if (= (expm a s n) 1) #t (let loop ((r r) (s s)) (cond ((zero? r) #f) ((= (expm a s n) (- n 1)) #t) (else (loop (- r 1) (* s 2))))))))) (define (chain m f g x0 x1) (let loop ((ms (digits m 2)) (u x0) (v x1)) (cond ((null? ms) (values u v)) ((zero? (car ms)) (loop (cdr ms) (f u) (g u v))) (else (loop (cdr ms) (g u v) (f v)))))) (define (lucas? n) (let loop ((a 11) (b 7)) (let ((d (- (* a a) (* 4 b)))) (cond ((square? d) (loop (+ a 2) (+ b 1))) ((not (= (gcd n (* 2 a b d)) 1)) (loop (+ a 2) (+ b 2))) (else (let* ((x1 (modulo (- (* a a (inverse b n)) 2) n)) (m (quotient (- n (legendre d n)) 2)) (f (lambda (u) (modulo (- (* u u) 2) n))) (g (lambda (u v) (modulo (- (* u v) x1) n)))) (let-values (((xm xm1) (chain m f g 2 x1))) (zero? (modulo (- (* x1 xm) (* 2 xm1)) n))))))))) (cond ((or (not (integer? n)) (< n 2)) (error 'prime? "must be integer greater than one")) ((even? n) (= n 2)) ((zero? (modulo n 3)) (= n 3)) (else (and (miller? n 2) (miller? n 3) (lucas? n))))) (define (isqrt n) (let loop ((x n)) (let ((y (quotient (+ x (quotient n x)) 2))) (if (< y x) (loop y) x)))) (define square? (let ((q11 (make-vector 11 #f)) (q63 (make-vector 63 #f)) (q64 (make-vector 64 #f)) (q65 (make-vector 65 #f))) (do ((k 0 (+ k 1))) ((< 5 k)) (vector-set! q11 (modulo (* k k) 11) #t)) (do ((k 0 (+ k 1))) ((< 31 k)) (vector-set! q63 (modulo (* k k) 63) #t)) (do ((k 0 (+ k 1))) ((< 31 k)) (vector-set! q64 (modulo (* k k) 64) #t)) (do ((k 0 (+ k 1))) ((< 32 k)) (vector-set! q65 (modulo (* k k) 65) #t)) (lambda (n) (if (not (vector-ref q64 (modulo n 64))) #f (let ((r (modulo n 45045))) (if (not (vector-ref q63 (modulo r 63))) #f (if (not (vector-ref q65 (modulo r 65))) #f (if (not (vector-ref q11 (modulo r 11))) #f (let ((q (isqrt n))) (if (= (* q q) n) q #f)))))))))) (define (prime-power? n) (if (even? n) (if (= (expt 2 (ilog 2 n)) n) 2 #f) (let loop ((a 2)) (let* ((b (expm a n n)) (p (gcd (- b a) n))) (cond ((= p 1) #f) ((prime? p) (if (= (expt p (ilog p n)) n) p #f)) (else (loop (+ a 1)))))))) (display (isqrt 24)) (newline) (display (isqrt 25)) (newline) (display (square? 24)) (newline) (display (square? 25)) (newline) (display (prime-power? 8)) (newline) (display (prime-power? 12167)) (newline) (display (prime-power? 8388609)) (newline) ```
 ```1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ``` ```4 5 #f 5 2 23 #f ```