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Project: programmingpraxis
Link: http://programmingpraxis.codepad.org/J9Tg9jZP    [ raw code | output | fork ]

programmingpraxis - Scheme, pasted on Nov 1:
; craps

(define (filter pred? xs)
  (let loop ((xs xs) (ys '()))
    (cond ((null? xs) (reverse ys))
          ((pred? (car xs))
            (loop (cdr xs) (cons (car xs) ys)))
          (else (loop (cdr xs) ys)))))

(define (flatten xs)
  (cond ((null? xs) xs)
        ((pair? xs)
          (append (flatten (car xs))
                  (flatten (cdr xs))))
        (else (list xs))))

(define sort #f)
(define merge #f)
(let ()
  (define dosort
    (lambda (pred? ls n)
      (if (= n 1)
          (list (car ls))
          (let ((i (quotient n 2)))
            (domerge pred?
                     (dosort pred? ls i)
                     (dosort pred? (list-tail ls i) (- n i)))))))
  (define domerge
    (lambda (pred? l1 l2)
        ((null? l1) l2)
        ((null? l2) l1)
        ((pred? (car l2) (car l1))
         (cons (car l2) (domerge pred? l1 (cdr l2))))
        (else (cons (car l1) (domerge pred? (cdr l1) l2))))))
  (set! sort
    (lambda (pred? l)
      (if (null? l) l (dosort pred? l (length l)))))
  (set! merge
    (lambda (pred? l1 l2)
      (domerge pred? l1 l2))))

(define (uniq-c eql? xs)
  (if (null? xs) xs
    (let loop ((xs (cdr xs)) (prev (car xs)) (k 1) (result '()))
      (cond ((null? xs) (reverse (cons (cons prev k) result)))
            ((eql? (car xs) prev) (loop (cdr xs) prev (+ k 1) result))
            (else (loop (cdr xs) (car xs) 1 (cons (cons prev k) result)))))))

(define rand #f)
(define randint #f)
(let ((two31 #x80000000) (a (make-vector 56 -1)) (fptr #f))
  (define (mod-diff x y) (modulo (- x y) two31)) ; generic version
  ; (define (mod-diff x y) (logand (- x y) #x7FFFFFFF)) ; fast version
  (define (flip-cycle)
    (do ((ii 1 (+ ii 1)) (jj 32 (+ jj 1))) ((< 55 jj))
      (vector-set! a ii (mod-diff (vector-ref a ii) (vector-ref a jj))))
    (do ((ii 25 (+ ii 1)) (jj 1 (+ jj 1))) ((< 55 ii))
      (vector-set! a ii (mod-diff (vector-ref a ii) (vector-ref a jj))))
    (set! fptr 54) (vector-ref a 55))
  (define (init-rand seed)
    (let* ((seed (mod-diff seed 0)) (prev seed) (next 1))
      (vector-set! a 55 prev)
      (do ((i 21 (modulo (+ i 21) 55))) ((zero? i))
        (vector-set! a i next) (set! next (mod-diff prev next))
        (set! seed (+ (quotient seed 2) (if (odd? seed) #x40000000 0)))
        (set! next (mod-diff next seed)) (set! prev (vector-ref a i)))
      (flip-cycle) (flip-cycle) (flip-cycle) (flip-cycle) (flip-cycle)))
  (define (next-rand)
    (if (negative? (vector-ref a fptr)) (flip-cycle)
      (let ((next (vector-ref a fptr))) (set! fptr (- fptr 1)) next)))
  (define (unif-rand m)
    (let ((t (- two31 (modulo two31 m))))
      (let loop ((r (next-rand)))
        (if (<= t r) (loop (next-rand)) (modulo r m)))))
  (init-rand 19380110) ; happy birthday donald e knuth
  (set! rand (lambda seed
    (cond ((null? seed) (/ (next-rand) two31))
          ((eq? (car seed) 'get) (cons fptr (vector->list a)))
          ((eq? (car seed) 'set) (set! fptr (caadr seed))
                                 (set! a (list->vector (cdadr seed))))
          (else (/ (init-rand (modulo (numerator
                  (inexact->exact (car seed))) two31)) two31)))))
  (set! randint (lambda args
    (cond ((null? (cdr args))
            (if (< (car args) two31) (unif-rand (car args))
              (floor (* (next-rand) (car args)))))
          ((< (car args) (cadr args))
            (let ((span (- (cadr args) (car args))))
              (+ (car args)
                 (if (< span two31) (unif-rand span)
                   (floor (* (next-rand) span))))))
          (else (let ((span (- (car args) (cadr args))))
                  (- (car args)
                     (if (< span two31) (unif-rand span)
                       (floor (* (next-rand) span))))))))))

(define (crap)
  (define (dice) (+ (randint 1 7) (randint 1 7)))
  (let loop ((roll (dice)) (point 0) (rolls '()))
    (if (zero? point)
        (cond ((member roll '(2 3 12)) (list #f roll))
              ((member roll '(7 11)) (list #t roll))
              (else (loop (dice) roll (cons roll rolls))))
        (cond ((= roll point) (cons #t (reverse (cons roll rolls))))
              ((= roll 7) (cons #f (reverse (cons roll rolls))))
              (else (loop (dice) point (cons roll rolls)))))))

(define (craps n)
  (do ((n n (- n 1)) (cs '() (cons (crap) cs))) ((zero? n) cs)))

; histogram of rolls in 1000 games
  (map cdr (sort (lambda (a b) (< (car a) (car b)))
    (uniq-c = (sort < (filter integer? (flatten (craps 1000))))))))

; count wins in 1000 games
(display (length (filter car (craps 1000)))) (newline)

; average number of rolls in 1000 games
(display (- (/ (apply + (map length (craps 1000))) 1000) 1.0)) (newline)

; maximum number of rolls in 1000 games
(display (- (apply max (map length (craps 1000))) 1))

(98 184 253 358 438 565 435 382 231 176 100)

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